How to design a borderless landscape swimming pool?

- Jun 19, 2020-

As one of the greatest achievements in modern architectural design, the infinity pool has become extremely popular due to its unique charm, especially in leisure resort hotels, private villas and high-end clubs. The emergence of the borderless swimming pool has changed the application method and concept of the swimming pool. It is no longer a carrier only for people to swim, but uses it to create a more leisure and entertainment occasion.


1 Design points of the borderless swimming pool


1.1 Types of construction of borderless swimming pools


The key to the design of a borderless swimming pool is to reduce the height of one or more sides of the pool, so that the pool water flows out along the pool wall. To create a borderless swimming pool, the design of the pool edge is the key first step. At present, the design of the pool edge has the following two types: one is the inclined type of the pool edge toward the inside of the pool, and the other is the inclined type of the pool edge toward the outside of the pool. Either way, you need to create a borderless effect.


For example, borderless swimming pools are widely used in Southeast Asia, Hainan, and other resort hotels, villas, or other occasions. Most of the borderless practice is to tilt the pool along the pool. This approach can maximize its magic in a single site with a landscape.


In fact, the edge of the real borderless swimming pool is inclined to the outside of the pool, so this processing method can really hide the edge of the pool and achieve a true borderless effect. However, this approach requires the designer to have a superb artistic feeling and consider the surrounding environment carefully to create a perfect borderless effect. This will cause an increase in application and maintenance costs, so there are not many applications of this type of borderless swimming pool, and there are few successful cases.


1.2 Requirements for the construction of borderless swimming pools


Through the above analysis, after research, it is found that the choice of geographical location limits the construction method of the borderless swimming pool. Therefore, as the design point of the borderless swimming pool, the choice of geographic location is generally placed second. The best choice for the location of the borderless swimming pool is that the swimming pool is located right next to a body of water, so that the effect of pool water flowing into the body of water can be created.


For example, from the land to the sea, the pool has a water collection and filtering system under the pool, and the overflowing water is continuously treated and refilled into the pool. From the near shore, the visual effect of the swimming pool and the ocean merged into one.


1.3 Special construction methods and advantages of the borderless swimming pool


But not all places have very good geographical conditions. Under these conditions, to create a borderless swimming pool effect, the designer needs to have unique creativity and skilled skills. Reasonable design can also achieve very beautiful visual effects. .


2 Helping landscape elements of a borderless swimming pool


After the above conditions are in place, the conical shape of the borderless swimming pool has been basically formed, but to achieve the perfect appearance of the landscape effect, many supporting elements need to be combined to play the greatest charm of the borderless. Such as: the surrounding landscape construction, application of materials, lighting coordination, etc.


2.1 Landscape construction of surrounding environment


The swimming pool is not isolated, it is interconnected with the surrounding environment. Regardless of the style, the space around the pool must be designed according to the needs of the application. From a landscape perspective, the materials and shapes selected, including floor tiles and green plants, need to show the overall style and function.


2. 2 Shape design and material application of borderless swimming pool


In addition to the design elements mentioned above, the shape design of the swimming pool and the application of materials are also very important parts. Good materials can play a finishing touch.


In fact, the shape design does not have a specific qualitative, and now the common types are: rectangular, square, circular, semi-circular, star, irregular and so on. No matter what type, it can create a good borderless effect. What shape design to choose specifically must combine the site conditions and the designer's concept. Different shapes can create different landscape effects.


The selection of materials determines the style of the swimming pool to a certain extent, and is the most important part of the construction of the swimming pool landscape. Application of materials in the pool area, including pool walls, pool bottoms, topping stones and surrounding platforms. At present, the most common application of ceramic wall materials in swimming pools is due to their stable performance and rich colors, and it must avoid many limitations of natural stone (such as pan-alkali), and ceramics are mostly used for mosaics. The price is reasonable and the effect is widely accepted. There are quite a few options for swimming pool walls and platform pavement, which can be matched according to the building and the surrounding environment. Now the most widely used is natural stone. Because of its easy maintenance and high-end, it has become the first choice of many designers. No matter what kind of material is selected, it must be coordinated with the surrounding environment. Only in this way can the perfect combination of the swimming pool and the surrounding environment be created, and a peaceful swimming pool environment can be created.


2.3 Creation of lighting effects


As a supporting project for the swimming pool, the lighting effect design must not be ignored. At night, the swimming pool illuminated with light exudes a mysterious charm, attracting swimmers to take a dip in the light.


Not only can the lighting be used in the swimming pool, the landscape around the swimming pool can also be shining through the lighting. Careful setting of lighting can completely change the landscape and make it produce a very different effect from the day. The lights can decorate the courtyard or platform into a large stage for leisure and entertainment at night, covering the ordinary things with a mysterious color.


3 Construction plan of the borderless swimming pool


Whether the expression of the construction drawings can really reflect the designer's intention is the most critical step in creating a borderless swimming pool and the last important step in the design stage. From the following three different construction drawing practice cases, you can understand the pros and cons of different practices.


Option One:


Most of the construction drawings of modern infinity-edge swimming pool walls are often applied to the specific plan of work or the planning of a certain problem. This method must share a water circulation system with the receiving pool, which often results in unsatisfactory flow of water due to limited conditions. If the flow of water must be large to meet the landscape requirements, a larger backflow pool must be built, which will cause construction costs. And the increase in operation and maintenance costs, but the program can play well in special environments (such as beaches, cliffs, etc.), because these places do not require a large drop in water requirements.


In this scheme, the pool wall of the falling surface has a certain inclination to better meet the requirements of the falling effect. Sometimes, in order to be simple and generous, many cases are made without inclination. In this case, there is no strong drop effect. This method is commonly used in situations where the landscape does not need to fall, such as the fall surface facing the sea and the cliff. The first class is widely used.


Option Two:


This scheme is an optimized scheme based on the first scheme. This method makes the falling water system into two independent systems. One is the falling water system shared with the swimming pool. It can be used with a small water tank. To meet the effect of falling water; in landscapes that require a large amount of falling water, another independent system is used. Because it is separate from the swimming pool, it does not need a large water tank to achieve a good effect when creating a falling water effect. It can be combined with the system to form a borderless effect, but this also has a disadvantage, that is, the plane size of the wall at the falling surface of the swimming pool is relatively large, and the structure is slightly complicated, which is difficult to achieve for those venues with size requirements. . But this design can meet the landscape effect from all angles and can be applied in any occasion.


The infinity swimming pool at the famous Sands Hotel in Singapore is 650 feet (198 meters) high and is the largest outdoor swimming pool in the world at this height. The swimming pool is like a clear spring on the edge of the cliff, and the "spring water" gradually spreads to the horizon. "Water and sky meet", as if there should be a waterfall flying down. However, in fact, after the water overflows the pool boundary, it does not directly hit the ground, but flows into the sump not far below, and then re-enters the pool after filtering. The swimming pool has two circulation systems. The first set is the same as the ordinary swimming pool, which is used to filter and heat the water in the swimming pool; the second system is used to filter the water in the sump and then transfer it back to the swimming pool.


Option Three:


Rare cases are not widely used in practice. This approach, in addition to the shortcomings of Option 1, assuming that its pool wall finish materials and inclination are not handled well, it is easy to see the pool edge on the pool platform, affecting the overall landscape effect. The inner wall of the swimming pool has a certain degree of curvature, which is even less ideal when the swimming pool is not full of water, without a sense of modernity. In addition, the topping stone must be built in shape, which increases the construction difficulty and processing cost. The inner wall has a curvature, which also has limitations on the paving materials, resulting in restrictions on the use of materials.


In addition, infinity pools often need a good water circulation system to work together in order to achieve the ultimate effect of its borderless.