With the improvement of modern people's living standards, China's economy has developed rapidly. The aquarium tourism industry is also booming, especially in recent years, Haichang, Qingdao, Dalian and other aquariums have opened one after another. It allows people to see all kinds of marine animals, thousands of rare marine fish and appreciate the wonderful performances of large marine mammals without going abroad, making people feel as if they are in a true and pure polar world. The Polar Oceanarium in Tianjin, Chengdu, Wuhan and other places is in full swing. The construction of these projects has provided valuable experience for the construction of similar projects in China.
However, the various animal exhibition halls of the Polar Oceanarium built by the domestic oceanarium are mostly built independently, and the structural systems are different, and the internal supporting facilities are also inconsistent. At present, the Tianjin Polar Ocean Aquarium project undertaken by our bureau adopts a comprehensive venue design. Various animal exhibition halls and pools are fused together to form the overall structure of the Polar Ocean Aquarium. It is precisely because the Tianjin Polar Oceanarium project is composed of various different animal exhibition halls, the scattered distribution of various pools, the unified deployment of various different systems, and the unified consideration of the overall shape.
The main viewing waters in the museum include: the underwater world tunnel display water, the center main performance combination water body, the beluga display pool, and the polar bear, sea lion, seal, walrus, shark and other viewing pools. The construction of this special venue for the Tianjin Polar Oceanium has brought many new difficulties and issues, and the need is also worthy of our further analysis and research. 1.2 Project Overview The Tianjin Polar Ocean Museum is located in the central business district of Xiangluowan, Tanggu District, Tianjin, with the Haihe River in the north and Binhai South Road in the south, with a total construction area of 47,761 square meters. The height of the main body of the building is 22m, which is one of the key projects in Tianjin. After completion, it will become an important landmark building along the Haihe River. Tianjin Polar Aquarium mainly provides services for the visit, tourism, and catering of rare and polar animals. The first floor is mainly office area, various pools, warehouses, rest areas, etc. The second floor is mainly halls, various animal display pools, and tunnels. , The main performance pool, various temporary pools, etc., the third floor is a variety of display pools, stands, etc., the fourth floor is mainly stands, catering, etc.
With the continuous development of the marine tourism industry in recent years, the application of underwater landscapes has been the subject of more people. It can be attached to the wall in a two-dimensional form, or it can be attached to the ground in a three-dimensional form. With the increase of the water injection volume of the ornamental water body, and the water body changes from fresh water to salt water at the same time, it makes more stringent requirements on the water pressure resistance and anticorrosion performance of the underwater landscape, especially more important is that the landscape must also have a good Waterproof performance, otherwise the water body enters into the gap of the landscape, and if the water body does not circulate, it will breed various poisonous fungi in the landscape and harm the water animals. This section introduces the Tianjin Polar Oceanarium project, which uses glass fiber reinforced plastics as a transition material to transform the mold to complete the construction of the underwater landscape of the ornamental water body. 1. Process characteristics
(1) The molding of underwater landscaping is made of polystyrene board and polyurethane foaming agent, which can be processed by scraping, cutting, scribing, cutting, filling, supplementing and other techniques, and repeated modification to make the molding natural, Arranged in the water body to achieve the effect of draining the sea.
(2) In order to ensure the waterproof, anti-corrosion and compression performance of underwater landscaping. Make full use of the characteristics of FRP easy to form, used as the carrier material of the mold, at the same time, FRP has anti-seepage, anti-corrosion and good strength, to solve the difficulties encountered in underwater landscape construction.
(3) If the underwater landscape has a variety of shapes with the same shape, using gypsum as an auxiliary material and remaking the glass fiber reinforced plastic mold not only saves materials, but also shortens the process, and can achieve good economic benefits and schedule benefits.
(4) The molding made of glass fiber reinforced plastic for underwater landscapes retains the original taste, texture and plastic marks of the glass fiber reinforced plastic. By configuring a certain proportion of coloring materials to color-process the sculptures, it can increase the depth of the landscape and strengthen the surface. The texture effect, so that the works achieve the best results.